Preparing For Climate-Related Food Shocks

Brett Lucas – 813002438

This article identifies how climate change affects global agricultural systems and their economies. It also mentions how food shocks from climate change can affect the globe. A food shock occurs when one or more of the major bread basket regions (either globally or regionally)  is affected by a climatic event, thus will affect the economic market of food. These food shocks can have a devastating effect on the livelihoods and food securities of many socioeconomic groups especially the lower class globally even if it is confined to a small area. Due to climate change researchers have predicted that an increase in the frequency of droughts, floods and heats waves will increase the occurrence of food shocks globally.  Additionally the article also mentions  vulnerability of poorer societies and fragile governance. Increased food shocks in these regions can cause increase civil unrest since food security and availability is reduced.

This topic was included in development agencies, improvement projects and workshops such as  the AgMIP (Agricultural Model Intercomparison and Improvement Project) as a response to combat and address this growing problem. This is an excellent start to addressing this problem as it can educate individuals about climate change and its impact on food. Past and future assessments of agricultural development are useful especially for exploring different implementations for combatting climate change and food shocks.

Additionally one must understand that human activity plays a key role in the increasing effects of climate change. Even though the implementation of techniques and new technologies to resist the effects of climate change and increase sustainable food production in fragile regions, the total impact of human activity should be taken into consideration.

It must be understood that in order to prevent the impact of climate change and the resulting food shocks, there should be an increased collaborative efforts between more developed countries and less developed countries to combat this issue. For example in California, USA there has been a drought for the past 5 years but its impacts have been reduced due to new technologies which have allow the agriculture industry to continue to be sustainable. These technologies should be also used to assist developing countries in dealing with their drought conditions as it pertains to agriculture.

In conclusion this article is great starting point to raise awareness on the treat of climate change and food shock but only for the AgMIP but real world solutions were not put forward to prevent these impacts, as is the case in most workshops and conferences many ideas put forward may take years to be fulfilled and many in the developing world needs change now.

References

    “3.4.3 Floods and droughts.” 3.4.3 Floods and droughts – AR4 WGII Chapter 3: Fresh Water Resources and their Management. Accessed April 11, 2017. https://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg2/en/ch3s3-4-3.html.
     “How do human activities contribute to climate change and how do they compare with natural influences?” English. December 09, 2011. Accessed April 11, 2017. http://www.eea.europa.eu/themes/climate/faq/how-do-human-activities-contribute-to-climate-change-and-how-do-they-compare-with-natural-influences.
      WwwAAASorg. YouTube. February 12, 2016. Accessed April 11, 2017. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3n7Auf4AGaA.
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